Cedar boards commonly found in
northern lodges/cabins run horizontally for the majority of the first
floor, drawing occupants’ eyes from
the door you enter after you park
your car to the door you use to catch
Windows or skylights provide
daylighting in nearly every space,
including rest rooms and stairwells.
LED lighting is used both indoors
and outdoors and is controlled by
both the building automation system
and daylight sensors to provide dimming during well daylit hours.
Designing For A Cold Climate
Appleton, which is 30 miles southwest of Green Bay, Wis., and 105
miles northwest of Milwaukee, has
a climate that is particularly cold in
winter. In January, the average high
temperature is 24. 6°F (– 4. 1°C).
February’s average high temperature is 28°F (– 2. 2°C).
Designing a tight, super insulated envelope was critical for
this project. Rigid insulation and
closed-cell spray foam urethane
insulation was used in walls, floors
and roofs. In addition, the prevailing winter winds were modeled
when looking at exterior doors and
overhangs. Using a masonry mass
for the interior (walls and floors)
allows heat from the winter sun to
be captured and radiated over the
course of a 24-hour period. Radiant
floor heating is a proven method
in cold climates for user comfort.
Landscape material (coniferous and
deciduous) allows low winter sun
into the building while blocking
high summer sun. The lobby of the
General Aviation Terminal includes
a natural gas fireplace.
Designing for 100 Years
Designed for a baseline lifespan
of 100 years, the terminal takes a
loose-fit, long-life approach where
it is flexible enough to adapt to
the changing needs of an unknown
future. As the saying goes, the
from many vantage points. The rain-
water cistern is also in plain sight,
as are the solar shading devices
mounted on the window systems.
For the flooring, polished concrete
was selected based on durability
and effective use of the in-floor
radiant system. Colored stains and
in-laid porcelain tile designed to
look like area rugs were used to
provide a sense of familiarity as a
contrast to the industrial nature of
Type Continuous insulation above deck
Overall R-value R- 35
Type Concrete masonry unit (CMU) with
insulated metal panels
Overall R-value R- 21
Glazing Percentage 28%
Slab Edge Insulation R-value R- 10
Under-Slab Insulation R-value R- 10
Effective U-factor for Assembly U-0.40
Solar Heat Gain Coefficient (SHGC) 0.24
Visual Transmittance 48%
Orientation Rectangular shape with
long axis running East to West
Patterns in the polished concrete provide a
visual path from public land side to secure
air side entrance doors.
Water Conservation Rain cistern collects water off roof that is used to
irrigate plantings around building. No
other irrigation is required based on
careful selection of native plantings.
Recycled Materials Recycled wood
flooring. Recycled content in polished
concrete floors, porcelain wall/floor
tile and quartzite counters. Recycled/
relocated landscape materials (plant
material and boulders).
Daylighting All occupied spaces have
access to natural light. Photocells are
used to dim overhead lighting when
adequate amount of daylight exists.
Individual Controls Task lighting provided
at all working surfaces. Temperature
control zones based on predicted occupancy type. For example, the pilots’ area
is only intermittently occupied and has
individual thermostat control.
Other Major Sustainable Features
Geothermal field (vertical bores)
provides 100% of heating and cooling
High-efficiency geothermal heat pumps
with 21 EER, multiple speed compressors and ECM motors.
Natural ventilation using operable
windows when ambient conditions
Air-to-water heat pump provides all
domestic hot water needs.
Insulated translucent roof panels provide visible light transmittance of 48%
with no solar glare.
KEY SUSTAINABLE FEATURES